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Birth of Zarathushtra

Historical Events
Historical Figures


Jafarey, Dr. Ali Akbar

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On March 25 -- day of Khordad, month of Farvardin -- Zoroastrians celebrate the Birthday of Asho Zarathushtra, the Divine Founder of the Good Religion. I greet our companions on Z-Lists on this auspicious occasion and turn to the Avesta to see what it has to say for the day.

The oldest eulogy for a human being on record in the Indo-lranian scriptures is in honor of Asho Zarathushtra. Prior to this, there were praises only for gods, goddesses and deified personalities. It consists of seven stanzas, 88 to 94 in the Farvardin Yasht. The eulogy's wordings show that it was composed centuries after Zarathushtra when, instead of the geographical units of humanity on house, settlement, district, land, and the earth divisions, we find the society again divided on the professional basis of priests, warriors and the settled producers. The composer is a priest who owes no alliance to the pre-Zarathushtrian cult, and fully believes that Zarathushtra is the first and foremost in ushering in a completely new era.

The eulogy, although short, throws quite a good light on Zarathushtra. It shows that:

  1. Zarathushtra was born in spring when snow thawed, rains came, waters flowed, trees blossomed and plants grew. 

  2. He was led to good words and good deeds through his good intuition.

  3. He realized the truth and recognized and comprehended the Wise God in an age when the world around him was completely engrossed in superstitions.

  4. He preached to others what he learned through his inspirations.

  5. He is FOREMOST in every phase of life. He revolutionizes the social structure and bases it on thoughtful thoughts, words and deeds.  Leaders, both spiritual and physical, are to be elected and their election is to be based on their competency and sincerity. Modern democracy has yet to catch up with what Zarathushtra advises, advocates, recommends and presents in his ever-fresh teachings.

  6. Men and women enjoy freedom as equals. People can choose Asho Zarathushtra as their spiritual and physical leader only after understanding his divine message.

  7. At a time when every race considered itself to be the chosen people of gods/God, Zarathushtra did not discriminate between race, cast and creed. The Good Religion is universal and for all the peoples of the world.  It is the best religious among the existing ones. It advocates preaching and propagation on sound basis of education aimed at spreading all over the earth.  It is the first universal missionary religion.

He is constantly referred to as 'the foremost' because he is the first and foremost in giving an entirely fresh outlook to every walk of life -- spiritual, mental, ethical, spcial, material and physical. His 'Good Religion' is all-embracing.

All the above points and many more are well documented in other parts of the Avesta as well as the Pahlavi writings.  He is UNIQUE.

Here is a free abridged rendering of the eulogy in English:

  • Stanza 88.
    We venerate the Reward and the Religious Choice of
    the Righteous Zarathushtra Spitama,
    who is the foremost
    to think, speak and do good;
    Who is the foremost
    priest, warrior and settled industrious,
    who is the foremost
    to learn for himself and teach others,
    who is the foremost
    to understand for himself and for others,
    [the following facts] --
    the living world, the Universal Law of Asha,
    the Divine Message and the need to listen to it,
    the Divine Dominion, and all the good things
    created by the Wise One
    as of Righteousness.

  • Stanza 89.
    Who is the foremost
    to reject false gods and ignoble persons,
    who is the foremost
    in the material existence
    to uphold Righteousness, denounce false gods,
    choose to worship the Wise God
    and be a Zoroastrian denying false gods
    and adhering to the Divine Doctrine.

  • Stanza 90.
    Who is the foremost
    in the material existence
    to declare that none of the imaginary deities
    is worthy of worship and adoration.
    He stands as an ideal for a noble life,
    because he is the foremost bearer
    of the Divine Doctrine in all the lands.

  • Stanza 91.
    His thought-provoking songs of Righteousness
    are heard everywhere.
    He is the lord and the leader of the world.
    He praised Righteousness
    as the best, sublimest and greatest.
    and he gave the doctrine of the Religion
    which is the best among all the religions that are.

  • Stanza 92.
    The immortals progressives,
    who are all of one accord,
    chose him and accepted him,
    after a thorough consideration,
    as the lord and the leader of the world.

  • Stanza 93.
    In whose birth and growth
    the waters and plants flourished,
    in whose birth and growth
    the waters and the plants increased,
    and in whose birth and growth
    the entire progressing creation shouted:

  • Stanza 94.
    Hail to us, for a spiritual leader
    is born - Zarathushtra Spitama!
    Henceforth the Good Religion
    of Mazda-worship will spread
    all over the seven climes of the earth.