The ancient city of Susa is mentioned in
Old Testament as the place where prophet Daniel lived. The city name
is derived from Shashana, a member of water lily family of flowers,
believed to grow in lakes and swamps outside this biblical city in
Archeological findings indicate that
Susa was already an ancient city at the time of prophet Daniel.
There are findings showing Susa as a prehistoric settlement, for
Susa built in a valley with fertile soil next to a branch of Karoon
river, in Khuzestan province, in south western Iran. The region
surrounding Susa is considered in a region where agriculture, animal
domestication, and first city states where developed.
Susa was the capital of a ancient
kingdom know is Elam. A kingdom built and ruled by Dravidian people
who ruled it from second millennium BCE until late mid-first
millennium BCE. Elamite kingdom was destroyed by attacks from
Babylonians. Elamite influence spread throughout the southern
regions of Iran by their cuneiform writing system, and rock
When Cyrus the Great founded his empire,
many customs from the Elam became part of the Persian Empire.